The chart was put together by Ken Rogoff at Harvard to show the effect of the Federal Reserve in the United States on inflation. Yet the same picture could be shown in every democratic country since 1775 (although in Australia you’d have to start in 1788).
It is not central banks that have been the problem but Keynesian economics. It is why inflation begins to take hold during World War II and then takes off in the middle of the 1960s when the first crop of macro grads from the 1940s finally reached positions of power and authority and could put their theories into practice. Nothing much at all happened for fifty years after the Fed was introduced, but then came deficit finance and the world has never been the same.